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A Short Brief About Indian Politics

Talking About Indian Politics, First Let us Know how politics can influence a particular sector as well as industry. Politics is a set of activities that are associated with making decisions that may be in a group or limited with individuals which can have a big impact upon people of a particular place as well as society.

About Indian Politics
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1) About Indian Politics
2) Political Parties
3) National Parties of India
4 Criteria
-National Party
– State Party
5) Economic Problems
6) Major things in Indian History
7) Political Development
8) Some of the Greatest Indian Politician
A Short Brief About Indian Politics
A Short Brief About Indian Politics

About Indian Politics

Talking About Indian Politics, Indian Politics has a long history. The first general election in India was held in 1951 which was won by National Congress which dominated the elections till 1977. India is a Parliamentary democratic republic country in which the President is the head of the state and the prime minister is the head of the government. India has a provision of bicameral Legislature which consists of Upper House, The Rajya Sabha, Lower House, and Lok Sabha. Altogether, there are 543 members in Lok Sabha and 245 members in Rajya Sabha.

Political Parties

Discussing Indian Politics, political parties play a major role in Indian politics. A political party is a group of people having the same ideology. There are different types of political parties and the major ones are National Party and State Party. According to the Election Commission of India, 2598 are the total number of parties among which 8 are national parties, 52 state parties, and 2538 unrecognized parties.

National Parties of India

  • Bahujan Samaj Party.
  • Bharatiya Janata Party.
  • Communist Party of India.
  • Communist Party of India
  • Indian National Congress.
  • Nationalist Congress Party
About Indian Politics
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National Party

  1. Must Get at least 6% of votes in any four or more states at general election to the House of People.
  2. A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.

State Party

  1. Must Get at least 6% of votes in the states at general election .
  2. A party should win 2% of seats in the Lok sabha from at least three different states.

Economic Problems

A large portion of India has been suffering from poverty, unemployment. Different political parties are trying to eradicate the unemployment problem from the country. Bharatiya Janata Party Known as BJP encourages a free market economy while Indian National Congress has been moving forward with the slogan Garibi Hatao. The more popular slogan are Sabka Saath, Sabka Vikas.

Major things in Indian History

  • Independence from British rule in 1947.
  • Mahatma Gandhi is assassinated by Nathuram Godse in 1948.
  • The Indian Constituent Assembly adopts Article 370 of the Constitution in 1949.
  • First Five year plan was introduced by prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1951.
  • First General lection in 1952.
  • Second five year plan was introduced in 1956.
  • Jammu and Kashmir approves its own constitution in 1957.
  • Indian Army liberates Goa from the Portuguese in 1961.
  • Pondicherry (now Puducherry) becomes part of India as a Union Territory in 1962.
  • India’s second war with Pakistan over Kashmir in 1965.
  • Punjab divided Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab in 1966.
  • Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) founded in 1969.
  • India fights third war with Pakistan in 1971.
  • India conducts peaceful nuclear test at Pokhran in 1974.
  • Jayaprakash Narayan leads the anti-Emergency movement in 1975.
  • Sixth five-year plan introduced in 1980.
  • Prime minister Indira Gandhi assassinated by two of her Sikh bodyguards in 1984.
  • Outbreak of militancy in Jammu and Kashmir in 1989.
  • The Babri Masjid demolished in 1992.
  • Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand are formed in 2000.
  • Right to Information Act implemented in 2005.
  • The goods and services tax introduced from 1 July in 2017.
  • Modi wave in 2018.
  • Maharastra political crisis in 2019.
About Indian Politics
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Political Development

It is the process of increasing political unity and people’s participation. Political development is much necessary for the development of the nation. In the last 5 years, India has gained rapid economic growth and is all set to take up as a 5 trillion economy in the next 5 years. Rajni Kothari wrote the politics in India.

Some of the Greatest Indian Politician are:

1 B. R. Ambedkar (1891–1956)
2A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (1931–2015)
3Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950)
4Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964)

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